Primary-source documents related to the theme of slave living conditions -- includes laws and proclamations, letters, journal writings, narratives, poetry and literature. Cotton Is King, and Pro-Slavery Arguments: Comprising the Writings of Hammond, Harper, Christy, Stringfellow, Hodge, Bledsoe, and Cartwright, on This Important Subject - Primary Source Edition | Bledsoe, Albert Taylor, Hodge, Charles, Stringfellow, Thornton | ISBN: 9781295862870 | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und Verkauf duch Amazon. Lincoln Traces the Development of his Attitudes toward Slavery and Equality (primary source) Cotton Is King: Pro-Slavery Arguments (primary source) Pro-Slavery Arguments: The Biblical Argument (primary source) Alexander Stephens “Cornerstone Speech” (primary source) South Carolina Secedes from the Union (primary source) And these early proslavery arguments, like their later manifestations, typically targeted natural rights as the theory that had to be undercut before a defense of slavery could be mounted. Even though slave plantations made extensive use of an extensive division of labor and factory-like … We are all, North and South, engaged in the White Slave Trade, and he who succeeds best is esteemed most respectable. The famous Mudsill Speech (1858) of James Henry Hammond and John C. Calhoun's Speech to the U.S. Senate (1837) articulated the pro-slavery political argument during the period at which the ideology was at its most mature (late 1830s – early 1860s). James Birney Collection of Anti-Slavery Pamphlets, Pro-Slavery Counterattack - Uncle Tom's Cabin, Slavery Justification in the Internet Archive. However, elements of the visual satire invoked by the image invite a critique of the institution of slavery that tacitly endorses some abolitionist arguments. Lesson Step 3: Analyzing Primary Sources. The First Confiscation Act (1861) – In response to the slaves escaping to the lines, the Union Army issued this act to provide a rationale for the freedom of these men and women. For more details of these cookies and how to disable them, see our cookie policy. Explore primary sources, visit exhibitions in person or online, or bring your class on a field trip. thorough study of Pro-Slavery Thought in the Old South. For centuries, slaves were the most efficient and cheapest way to produce and harvest crops. Slaves without a master! Fortunately, too, it is no longer necessary to discuss the In the antebellum period, pro-slavery forces moved from defending slavery as a necessary evil to expounding it as a positive good. By using this site, you agree we can set and use cookies. The Barbarism of Slavery. Skip to main content. “ Slaves are better fed, clothed and treated, and more kindly cared for in old age, than the majority of Northern laborers. Cannibals all! slave to retain a larger allowance from the proceeds of his own labor, and hence “free labor is cheaper than slave labor.” You, with the command over labor which your capital gives you, are a slave owner — a master, without the obligations of a master. Pose this question to students and explain that they are going to read primary sources in order to better understand the ways in which abolitionists challenged the institution of slavery. Many pro-slavery campaigners played on paranoia about empire and indicated that the prosperity of the British Navy, the merchant navy and the Caribbean itself all depended on slavery. Part I: Debates over Slavery and Abolition sheds light on the abolitionist movement, the conflicts within it, the anti- and pro-slavery arguments of the period, and the debates on the subject of colonization. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results. The defenders of slavery in the south had several arguments that they used to rationalize slavery. Suggested terms to look for include - diary, diaries, letters, papers, documents, documentary or correspondence. Combine these these terms with the event or person you are researching. (example: civil war diary). This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. However, some individuals and groups supported the slave trade and wished for it to continue. primary sources related to slavery and efforts to end slavery. ", comprising the writings of Hammond, Harper, Christy, Stringfellow, Hodge, Bledsoe, and Cartwright, on this important subject. These rare works explore slavery as a legal and labor system, the relationship between slavery and religion, freed slaves, the Shong Masacre, the Dememara insurrection, and many other aspects and … It is far more cruel than the Black Slave Trade, because it exacts more of its slaves, and neither protects nor governs them. Destroy this slavery, they argued, and the British Empire would collapse. In a brilliant chapter in The Liberal Tradition in America Louis Hartz has placed the political theory of the southern defenders in perspective, and William R. Stanton's The Leopard's Spots revealingly analyzes the scientific arguments used to bolster slavery. Popular opinion was, for the most part, in favour of the abolition of the slave trade from the end of the eighteenth century onwards. His influential Pro-Slavery Argument offers theological, historical, and political evidence in a point-by-point refutation of the anti-slavery arguments of his day. He demonstrated that arguments to the effect that slavery was a “positive good” arose before the rise of abolitionism during the 1830s. However, some individuals and groups supported the slave trade and wished for it to continue. Primary Sources Home Online Sources: Slavery & Abolition - British Black Presence: Asian and Black History In Britain 1500-1850 It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. Historian Larry E. Tise challenged this common belief about proslavery arguments. They did not spring up suddenly in response to the unrelenting attacks of abolitionists. With an argument that was as much a critique of industrialism as it was a defense of slavery, Southern spokesmen contended that chattel slavery, as it was practiced in the American South, was more humane than the system of “wage slavery” that prevailed in the industrial North and Great Britain. They who work for you, who create your income, are slaves, without the rights of slaves. Mexican-American War and the Media. Popular opinion was, for the most part, in favour of the abolition of the slave trade from the end of the eighteenth century onwards. Professor Eugene Genovese, who has studied these biblical debates over slavery in minute detail, concludes that the pro-slavery faction clearly emerged victorious over the abolitionists except for one specious argument based on the so-called Curse of Ham (Gen 9:18–27). The following arguments were put forth in Southern books, pamphlets and newspapers to defend the institution of slavery: Slavery was good for the slaves; the slaveowners took on the burden of caring for the interests of inferior beings, seeing that they would be fed, clothed and given religious instruction. Some of the following sources reveal the views of those who continued to support slavery and the slave trade. One of the fundamental paradoxes of the South's slave system is that while slavery was a highly commercial, efficient, productive, and profitable institution, slaveholders tended to subscribe to an "anti-industrial" ideology, generally hostile to the forms of "modernization" taking place in the North. Elliott ... With an essay on slavery in the light of international law, by the editor, Call Number: Online - free - Internet Archive, primary sources related to slavery and efforts to end slavery. For … It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. Slavery was not a sin, Dew argued, but an established social institution in which God did not meddle: Jesus did not speak against slavery. Hammond's Letters on Southern Slavery, Selected Writings of Henry Hughes antebellum, Southerner, Slavocrat, Sociologist. Often these individuals or groups had an economic interest in slavery - some owned plantations in the Caribbean, others manufactured restraints (such as chains) that were used on the plantations and others profited from the trade goods, such as sugar and tobacco, that were brought back from the Caribbean. Also search by subject for specific people and events, then scan the titles for those keywords or others such as memoirs, autobiography, report, or personal narratives. Another pro-slavery argument was that slavery was a natural state of mankind since it has existed throughout history. Slavery and Anti-Slavery: A Transnational Archive: Part I: Debates over Slavery and Abolition. One argument was that ending slavery would destroy the economy in the south. Many of the same arguments resurfaced in the decades after the Civil War, with the major difference being that the former defense of slavery was now transformed into a justification of segregation. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results. "The collection contains materials gathered by James Birney in the course of his anti-slavery labors, and items gathered by William Birney while preparing a biography of his father. ”. Karl Marx will use many of these same sources and arguments in crafting his masterpiece Das Kapital ten years later. District of Columbia Emancipation Act (1862) – This act freed all of the slaves living in the nation’s capital while also offering compensation to slave owners. Another pro-slavery argument was that slavery was a natural state of mankind since it has existed throughout history. Through legal documents, plantation records, first-person accounts, newspapers, government records, and other primary sources, this collection reveals how enslaved people struggled against the institution. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. Pro-slavery was an ideology that promoted the practice of slavery and defended against any interference with the system. By E.N. This Northern Illinois University site presents primary source materials from Lincoln's Illinois years (1830-1861) and other resources for study of antebellum Illinois. Click the title for location and availability information. By the 1830s, slavery was practiced mainly in the Southern United States. This Virginia Tech site provides links to transcriptions of newspaper articles, indexes, images, bibliographies, timelines, and official documents related to the 1846-1848 war. A Favorite Pro-Slavery Argument. The pro-slavery campaigners had argued that with no new enslaved Africans being traded slave-owners would treat their existing slaves better. A selection of books/e-books available in Trible Library. The southern states to this day are the agricultural surplus for all of the United States crop production. The pro-slavery arguments were not put to rest by the North's victory on the battle field. African American slaves were considered property.Slave owners justified them being property because slaves were black—in other words not people. William Dent’s political satire titled Abolition of the Slave Trade, or the Man the Master has been uniformly categorized as a proslavery cartoon. Whilst you were engaged in amassing your capital, O SAY CAN … Over the years the collection has been augmented and now includes both anti- and pro-slavery material; printed speeches; African colonization; politics and campaign biographies; and black eduction. Search . Charles Sumner (New York, 1863) First-person accounts of American slave life appeared in print as early as 1760. Teachers can also ask students to attempt to answer the question before they read the documents, as a kind of pre-test or initial assessment. Southern Justification of Slavery. Others criticise the abolition campaign and its methods. The southern states to this day are the agricultural surplus for all of the United States crop production. Cotton Is King, and Pro-Slavery Arguments: Comprising the Writings of Hammond, Harper, Christy, Stringfellow, Hodge, Bledsoe, and Cartwright, on This Important Subject - Primary Source Edition | Elliott, E N | ISBN: 9781295862764 | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und Verkauf duch Amazon. Transcription of Primary Source. or, Slaves without Masters, Cotton is King, and Pro-Slavery Arguments, Gov. 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